GGroupon Case Study Assignment
Groupon, Inc. raised $700 million at its IPO in the fall of 2011, instantly providing a valuation of almost $13 billion for a company that was only 3 years old at the time. Some question the value claiming Groupon has no sustainable competitive advantage. Others see Groupon as an innovative company with high potential.
Groupon sells Internet coupons for events, services, and other popular items customers might want to buy. Customers sign up for daily emails targeted to their local market. The daily deal, offered for one-day only and only if a pre-determined minimum number of customers buy it, gives customers 50% off the “retail” price. For example, a $100 3-month health club membership would sell for $50 on Groupon. The customer pays $50 to Groupon and prints a certificate to redeem at the health club. Groupon keeps 50% of the revenue, or $25 in this case, and gives the rest to the health club. Effectively, retailers are offering 75% off, with the customer saving 50% and Groupon taking the rest. Groupon Case Study Assignment Help
Groupon pays the retailer when the coupon is redeemed, making money both on the float
between the time revenue is collected and the time the retailer is paid, and on the certificates that are never redeemed at all, which the industry calls “breakage.” Retailers make money in the long run by introducing customers to their products, selling them additional products and services when they come in to redeem their coupons, and turning them into repeat customers. And retailers benefit from the buzz created when their business is on Groupon.
In August 2010, Groupon launched its first national deal, a coupon worth $50 of Gap apparel
and accessories for $25. Over 440,000 coupons were sold, netting Groupon and the Gap close to $11 million. But not all vendors are the size of the Gap, and smaller vendors have been
overwhelmed with too many coupons. One local business owner said they lost $8,000 on their Groupon promotion when too many coupons were issued. In fact a study of 150 retailers showed that only 66% found their deals profitable.
Around the time of the IPO, the analysts and observers alike claimed that Groupon’s business model was not sustainable. In addition to the large number of retailers who found their deals unprofitable, observers noted that Groupon does not produce anything of value, and they are not adding value to the retailers. Further, there are no barriers to entry to stop competitors. In May 2011, there were over 450 competitors who offer discounts and deals including LivingSocial, another daily deal site, restaurant.com, a site for restaurant gift certificates at a deep discount, overstock.com and woot.com, sites offering discounted merchandise, not to mention deep- pocketed competitors like Amazon.com. Groupon Case Study Assignment Help
But Groupon added to its business strategy with mobile capability and new services. In
February 2012, they purchased Kima Labs, a mobile payment specialist, and Hyperpublic, a
company that builds databases of local information. In May 2011, in a few cities, the company launched GrouponNow, a time-based local application that gives customers instant deals at merchants nearby using location-based software. CEO Andrew Mason told Wall Street analysts in February 2012 that he saw significant growth potential, including working on new features that will help customers personalize offers and avoid deals they don’t want.
Groupon Case Study Assignment Discussion Questions
1. How does information technology help Groupon compete?
2. Do you agree or disagree with the statement that “Groupon has no sustainable competitive
advantage?” Please explain your point of view.
3. How does Groupon add value to the companies whose offers are sold on the site?
4. What impact, if any, will Groupon Now have on Groupon’s competitive position? Explain.
5. What would you advise Groupon leaders to consider as their next application?
6. Apply the Resource-Based View to Groupon’s business model to show how information
resources may be used to gain and sustain competitive advantage.
Sources: Adapted from http://mashable.com/2010/08/19/gap-groupon/ (accessed on February 21, 2012); http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2011/06/06/memo-to-sec-groupon-has-no-competitive-advantage-stop-its-ipo/ (accessed on February 21, 2012);
groupon-renewal-rate-not-so-hot/ (accessed on February 21, 2012); http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2011-05-18/business/ct-biz-0519-groupon-now-20110518_1_groupon-chief-executive-andrew-mason-first-phase
(accessed on February 21, 2012); and http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/09/us-groupon-idUSTRE81727B20120209 (accessed on February 21, 2012).
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